Frequently Asked Questions What is the relationship between syntax and grammar? Grammar refers to a set of rules for a language, including how words and sentences are formed and standards for correct usage.
Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Brush up on your own literacy skills, clear up homework confusion and understand exactly what your child is learning at school by reading our basic definitions with links to more detailed explanations, teachers' tips and examples.
You'll find basic definitions of important primary-school literacy terms below. For a much more detailed, parent-friendly guide to how children are taught about each of these concepts in English, as well as examples, click on the link in the word.
TheSchoolRun also offers a free primary-school numeracy glossary and a free primary-school science glossary. Active voice A sentence is written in active voice when the subject of the sentence is performing the action for example, "The cat chased the mouse.
Adverb An adverb is a word which modifies a verb, which means that it tells you how, when, where or why something is being done. Alliteration Often used in poetry, alliteration is the repetition of an initial letter or sound in closely connected words.
Antonym Antonyms are words with opposite meanings love and hate, for example. Words with similar meanings are synonyms. Apostrophe Apostrophes are punctuation marks used to show possession and to show contraction also known as omission.
Article Articles are words which tell us whether a noun is general any noun or specific.
There are three articles: Argument text Argument text is a piece of writing which expresses points of view 'for' or 'against' the subject.
Biography and autobiography A biography is a non-fiction text written about someone else's life usually someone famous.
An autobiography is a text written about one's own life. Blending sounds Blending sounds means looking at a word and, rather than saying the separate sounds that make it up, linking the sounds together and saying the whole word in one go. Blending is an essential phonics skill which children are taught as part of learning to read.
Brainstorming Brainstorming is a process in which a question or problem is posed, then a group of people give ideas which are noted by a person who writes them down on paper or a board for the group to see. Clause Clauses are the building blocks of sentences, groups of words that contain a subject and a verb.
Clauses can be main or subordinate. Cohesive devices 'Cohesive devices' are the conjunctionsconnectives and pronouns used to link the parts of a piece of writing. Using the same verb tense throughout a text also offers 'cohesion'. Comparative The comparative form of an adjective or adverb is used to compare one person, thing, action or state to another.
The comparative is usually formed by adding the suffix -er. Conjunction A conjunction is a type of connective 'connective' is an umbrella term for any word that connects bits of text.
Co-ordinating connectives include the words and, but and so; subordinating connectives include the words because, if and until. Connective A connective is a word that joins one part of a text to another.The Manor House by Jo Pearce Talk for Writing consultant Jo Pearce explains how a model text can be used to help pupils become effective writers of suspense stories.
Conjunctions are linking words like and, or, but, then and because. They knocked down all the houses and they built a car park.. Are there four or five people living in that house?.
My shoes look great but are not very comfortable. Before - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Cambridge Dictionary.
Dictionary the action must already be completed: I need to have the letter before Friday. (Friday is too late.
I need it in advance of Friday.) Especially in writing. Keep sessions speedy - the idea is to become automatic at writing, not something laboured. Practise sentence games and use the same sorts of sentences when modelling writing.
Encourage children to use the sentence types in their own writing and to look at each others’ to note examples. ‘Oral language leads the way to written language’ (Wallach & Butler, ) Reading is a language-based skill (Catts & Kamhi, ).
The relationship between oral language and reading is reciprocal (Kamhi & Catts, ) with each influencing the other to varying degrees as children progress through school. Talk-for-Writing expert Maria Richards provides advice and downloadable resources here based on Pie's generic story plots.
Pie Corbetts teaching guide for progression in writing year by year Handout 1: Curriculum overview developed with the South2together writing project Note: In the Punctuation & Terminology columns any terms in bold are a statutory requirement of the National Curriculum in England. Antiquity. Across cultures, the early history of linguistics is associated with a need to disambiguate discourse, especially for ritual texts or in arguments. A set of cards I made to match actions in the pie corbett book/5(34).
Meercat Mail – a Talk for Writing KS1 cross-curricular unit by Talk-for-Writing expert Carol Satterthwaite.