The son of a coal miner, Bevan was a lifelong champion of social justice and the rights of working people. He was one of the chief spokesmen for the Labour party's left wing, and of left-wing British thought generally. His most famous accomplishment came when, as Minister of Health, he spearheaded the establishment of the National Health Service, which was to provide medical care free at point-of-need to all Britons. In this 21st century that we are living, it is fair to say that Mauritius can now be tagged as a developing country.
Order similar paper Introduction Diabetes or Diabetes mellitus is a complex group of diseases caused by a number of reasons. Individuals suffering from diabetes have hyperglycemia high blood sugar either because there is low production of insulin or body cells do not use the produced insulin.
About million people suffer from diabetes globally Danaei et al.
The World Health Organization has predicted that diabetes will rise to the top seventh cause of death worldwide by There are three common forms of diabetes: This paper mainly discusses these major forms of diabetes considering their causes and consequences.
Type 1 Diabetes In type 1 diabetes mellitus, body cells fail to produce insulin due to a compromised immune system causing damage to the cells where production of insulin takes place. The cause and prevention of type 1 diabetes are not particularly known; however, it is suspected to be a consequence of certain genetic factors.
Type 2 Diabetes In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is low production of insulin by the body cells or the body does not effectively make use Social policy diabetes essay the produced insulin. The cause and cure of type 2 diabetes remains unknown; however, genetic factors and manner of living take part in its causes, and watching blood sugar level can control the disease.
Gestational Diabetes Gestational diabetes happens when there is a development of high blood sugar level in pregnant women not previously diagnosed of diabetes. For mothers who had gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy, the probability that it will occur in subsequent pregnancies is approximately two-thirds.
Furthermore, some patients may subsequently develop type 2 diabetes. After pregnancy, diabetes type 1 or 2 may occur and will require obligatory treatment.
Genetic Factors and Markers The role of genetic factors as a cause of diabetes has been proven definitively. This is the main etiological factor for diabetes. IDDM is considered to be a polygenic disease which is based on at least two of the mutant genes in diabetic chromosome 6.
They are associated with the HLA system D-locuswhich determines the individual, genetically determined response of the body and B cells to various antigens. The hypothesis of polygenic inheritance of IDDM suggests that diabetes is caused from two mutant genes or two groups of genes that have a recessive inherited predisposition to autoimmune lesions of the insular apparatus or increased sensitivity of B cells to viral antigens or attenuated antiviral immunity.
Genetic susceptibility is linked with particular genes of HLA systems, which are considered markers of such a predisposition. Patients with a genetic predisposition to IDDM have an altered response to environmental factors.
They have weakened antiviral immunity, and they are extremely susceptible to cytotoxic damage to the B cells by viruses and chemical agents.
The most common occurrence of IDDM clinically is preceded by the following viral infections: The role of viral infection is confirmed by seasonality in the incidence of IDDM development often, the first diagnosed cases of IDDM among children occur in autumn and winter months, with a peak incidence in October and Januarythe detection of high titers of antibodies to the virus in the blood of patients with IDDM, and the detection by immunofluorescent methods for studying viral particles in the islets of Langerhans in people who have died of IDDM.
The role of viral infections in the development of IDDM is confirmed in experimental studies. Viral infections among individuals with a genetic predisposition to IDDM are involved in the development of the disease as follows: In modern diabetology, the next staging of IDDM is expected.
First stage — a genetic predisposition, due to the presence of certain antigens in the HLA system, as well as genes of chromosomes 11 and Second stage — the initiation of the autoimmune process in islands of B cells influenced with viruses, cytotoxic agents and any other unknown factors.
A crucial point in this step is the expression of B cells HLA-DR-antigen and glutamic acid, and therefore, they become autoantigens that cause the development of autoimmune response reactions. Third stage — the stage of the active immunological process with formation of antibodies to B cells, insulin and autoimmune insulitis development.
Fourth stage — the progressive reduction of insulin secretion stimulated by glucose 1-phase secretion of insulin. Fifth stage — clinical diabetes the manifestation of diabetes. Its length depends on the severity and degree of B cell damage, their ability to regenerate, and the level of residual insulin secretion, as well as the severity and frequency of related viral infections.
Sixth stage — the complete destruction of b-cells, and a complete lack of insulin secretion and C-peptide.
Clinical signs of diabetes form and insulin treatment becomes necessary again. The provided diabetes essay sample is a perfect example of an academic paper that should be written by students.The national strategy and policy to prevent type 2 diabetes path for the preventing type 2 diabetes pathway.
Social and emotional wellbeing for children and young people National strategy and policy to prevent type 2 diabetes Local action to prevent type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is also known as the non-insulin dependent diabetes and is the most commonly found type of diabetes in the world.
Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong chronic disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. Fair Use Policy Account Login Place an Order; Instant price. Public Health Issue: Diabetes Mellitus. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Health And Social Care Essay Writing Service Free Essays More Health And Social Care Essays Examples of Our Work Health And Social Care Dissertation Examples.
Understanding the Social Factors That Contribute to Diabetes: A Means to Informing Health Care and Social Policies for the Chronically Ill Jacqueline Hill, MPH Director of Clinical Research in the Department of Radiology and a Doctoral Student in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the University of Kansas Medical Center in.
Social policy in the health and social care sector The aim of this unit is to enable learners to investigate the origins of social policies and their impact on health and social care services. Mar 02, · of the pluralistic process in making of social policy. The essay is divided into four main sections.
It will first define the key terms as: social policy, pluralism, welfare; and describe the role of the social policy, pluralism, but also to make connection between this terms and their ideology.