An Open Source neighbourhood: Avant Urbanism This practice suggests we open urban planning so that citizens can contribute to its development. There are many cities whose life expectancies have survived the government, civilization or kingdom that founded them.
Learn how you can involve participants in the scope of the project, including its evaluation, and how that's likely to benefit the project's final outcomes. Why would and why wouldn't you use participatory evaluation?
When would you use participatory evaluation? Who should be involved in participatory evaluation? How do you conduct a participatory evaluation? Experienced community builders know that involving stakeholders - the people directly connected to and affected by their projects - in their work is tremendously important.
It gives them the information they need to design, and to adjust or change, what they do to best meet the needs of the community and of the particular populations that an intervention or initiative is meant to benefit.
This is particularly true in relation to evaluation. We consider the topic of participatory evaluation important enough to give it a section of its own, and to show how it fits into the larger participatory research picture.
It's a good idea to build stakeholder participation into a project from the beginning. One of the best ways to choose the proper direction for your work is to involve stakeholders in identifying real community needs, and the ways in which a project will have the greatest impact.
One of the best ways to find out what kinds of effects your work is having on the people it's aimed at is to include those on the receiving end of information or services or advocacy on your evaluation team Often, you can see most clearly what's actually happening through the eyes of those directly involved in it - participants, staff, and others who are involved in taking part in and carrying out a program, initiative, or other project.
This section is about how you can involve them in the whole scope of the project, including its evaluation, and how that's likely to benefit the project's final outcomes. What is participatory evaluation? When most people think of evaluation, they think of something that happens at the end of a project - that looks at the project after it's over and decides whether it was any good or not.
Evaluation actually needs to be an integral part of any project from the beginning. Participatory evaluation involves all the stakeholders in a project - those directly affected by it or by carrying it out - in contributing to the understanding of it, and in applying that understanding to the improvement of the work.
Participatory evaluation, as we shall see, isn't simply a matter of asking stakeholders to take part. Involving everyone affected changes the whole nature of a project from something done for a group of people or a community to a partnership between the beneficiaries and the project implementers.
Rather than powerless people who are acted on, beneficiaries become the copilots of a project, making sure that their real needs and those of the community are recognized and addressed. Professional evaluators, project staff, project beneficiaries or participants, and other community members all become colleagues in an effort to improve the community's quality of life.
This approach to planning and evaluation isn't possible without mutual trust and respect. These have to develop over time, but that development is made more probable by starting out with an understanding of the local culture and customs - whether you're working in a developing country or in an American urban neighborhood.
Respecting individuals and the knowledge and skills they have will go a long way toward promoting long-term trust and involvement.
The other necessary aspect of any participatory process is appropriate training for everyone involved. Some stakeholders may not even be aware that project research takes place; others may have no idea how to work alongside people from different backgrounds; and still others may not know what to do with evaluation results once they have them.
We'll discuss all of these issues - stakeholder involvement, establishing trust, and training - as the section progresses. The real purpose of an evaluation is not just to find out what happened, but to use the information to make the project better.
In order to accomplish this, evaluation should include examining at least two areas:Organization Transformation (OT) OT tends to use directive approaches to change rather than participative. It requires a clear, shared vision, a willingness to change, a wiliness to clean house, to reengineer and restructure, and the ability to tackle many problems.
An Open Source neighbourhood: the participative evolution of cities October 23, by Faena Aleph. Posted in: Avant Urbanism. This practice suggests we open urban planning so that citizens can contribute to its development.
Participative evolution Charismatic transformation Collaborative-consultative modes When organization needs minor adjustment, where time is available, key interest groups favour change When organization needs major adjustments, little time for participation, support for radical change.
Participative leadership attempts to permit employees to contribute in the decision making of matters that directly affect them. Permitting employees' participation in what are traditionally management decisions finds support in the humanistic view, the idea of power sharing and in organizational efficiency.
“Participative management should be looked at as an evolution of the organization that will ultimately lead to achievement of corporate objectives” (Yohe, ). In the 21st century, research shows that employees are starting to make more demands on their employers.
Organization development is a continuing process of long-term organizational improvement consisting of a series of stages; the emphasis is placed on a combination of individual, team, and organizational.