Those pigeons spent the pivotal hours of their lives in boxes, obsessively pecking small pieces of Plexiglas. Skinner trained his birds to earn food by tapping the Plexiglas. In some scenarios, the pigeons got food every time they pecked.
I decided to make Rat Park a comic about the rat experiments only. Yet the question hangs at the end of the comic.
Bruce Alexander wanders the streets of Vancouver, haunted by the Rat Park findings. Wondering if they hold relevance for human behaviour. This article discusses some of the research that Bruce Alexander has done since the Rat Park experiments.
The book makes several assertions which I will drastically paraphrase: People can become addicted to drugs, but it is not the drugs themselves that cause the addictions.
Though Bruce acknowledges that certain drugs have properties which lend themselves to addictions — e. They form these addictions because a socially-dislocated life without an addiction would be too mentally crushing. Drug addictions are just one example of a multitude of addictions in modern society.
They are the result of socially dislocated people adapting as well as they can to social circumstances. For example, the previously-responsible drinking habits of Scottish highlanders turned to alcoholism after their forced displacement by the British in the 18th century.
However, the current dominant force is the alienating influence of unbridled free-market capitalism.
Alexander argues that the influence of capitalism should be balanced or subordinated by other social institutions and traditions.
Alexander assembled in the book, as well as the humanity shown in his views of addicted people.
Track down a copy of The Globalization of Addiction and make up your own mind. Watching Bruce discuss his views in this video was a big reason for me tracking down his book. The video is also significant for being the first recorded time two Canadians mention ice hockey just three times in a 20 minute conversation.
Bruce is currently completing a book about the history of psychology.Smartphone Addiction The Slot Machine in Your Pocket. Smartphone apps are addictive -- by design. They take advantage of human weaknesses to ensure your constant attention.
But there is another way. Internet addiction is a growing problem and will get progressively worse as time moves on, but it is important to remember, you only get one life, one chance, make the right decisions and get some help.3/5(2).
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We award four scholarships to high school, college and graduate school students. Digital Privacy Scholarship. Jan 19, · We are letting money addiction drive too much of our society.
Online Subscription. Unlock this article, and thousands more from our complete 55+ year archive, by subscribing at the low introductory rate of just $1 an issue – that’s 10 issues online plus six months of full archive access for just $ Published: Thu, 05 Jul Table of Contents.
Introduction. Advantages of Internet. Disadvantages of Internet. Conclusion. Introduction. Modern life has become easier and the people of the world have to thanks to the immense contribution of the internet technology to communication and information sharing.