Or, to put it another way — desertification is the process by which previously biologically productive land is transformed into wasteland. Or nudge it off a cliff, for that matter. Pushing it off a cliff. Most especially in recent years but throughout much of recorded human history as wellmuch of the desertification around the world has been driven by human activity.
A GDRC compilation of articles on the causes of poverty and related issues. Types of causes of poverty A. Aggregate There are two types of aggregate poverty theory: There is no agreement on which is the correct explanation of most poverty. Add up all poverty explained by individual theories, and that is equal to total or aggregate poverty.
In other words, according to case theories of poverty, individual and aggregate explanations are really the same. According to these theories, aggregate poverty is just the sum of individual poverty.
Poverty is explained by general, economy-wide problems, Causes effects of war as inadequate non-poverty employment opportunities inadequate overall demand macro problems, macro policy low national income Less Developed Country If generic theories are correct, poverty is caused by one set of forces general, economy-wide problems but distributed according to individual theories.
Generic Theories of Poverty A. What difference does it make whether poverty is caused by case or generic causes?
It makes a lot of difference. Suppose somehow we significantly reduce racial discrimination. Will total poverty fall?
Poverty will only be redistributed. Suppose we give poor people effective skill training and compensatory education. What can you do about poverty? If case theories are correct: Address the individual cause of poverty.
For example, if poverty is caused by inadequate skills or education, then the solution is skill training or compensatory education.
If poverty is caused by discrimination, then the solution is antidiscrimination policies. If generic theories are correct: Improve the quantity and quality of jobs. How can you tell which is correct--case or generic theories?
Remember that the things that cause poverty in case theories explain its distribution in generic theories.
Because of this, both theories are consistent with the same facts statistics. Therefore, it is very difficult, maybe impossible, to determine which is correct through direct test.
For example, there is the failure of poverty to fall during periods of large training programs, and the failure of poverty to fall with rise in general educational level of population. Further indirect evidence later on in the course.
Most people assume case theories are correct. Poverty scholars study the poor instead of the economy. Antipoverty policy would be too hard expensive if generic theories were true. A desire to help the poor.
If generic theories are true, how can you help the poor? Maxwell School, Syracuse University Acute causes of poverty: The material and human destruction caused by warfare is a major development problem. The drop in average income, while a striking representation of the drop in the well-being of the average Iraqi citizen in the aftermath of the war, fails to capture the broader affects of damages to the infrastructure and social services, such as health care and access to clean water.
People who rely on fruits and vegetables that they produce for household food consumption subsistence farmers often go through cycles of relative abundance and scarcity. Being familiar with these cycles has enabled development practitioners to anticipate and prepare for periods of acute need for assistance.
Besides the immediate destruction caused by natural events such as hurricanes, environmental forces often cause acute periods of crisis by destroying crops and animals.Effects of the Civil War Emancipation Proclamation On January 1, , president Lincoln declared all slaves in “enemy territory” liberated.
What effects did a revolution as big as this leave behind? How did it change the lives of the people living in the United States? One of the most significant results of the Industrial Revolution was the emergence of the middle class.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, governments, societies and informal paramilitary groups, such as mercenaries, insurgents and vetconnexx.com is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces.
Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war. Desertification Effects, Causes, And Examples List Desertification is a process of land-degradation by which a region becomes progressively drier and drier.
King Philip's War & the Continued Presence of Native People [Philip promised] that he would not sell no land in 7 years time, for that he would have no English trouble him.". Another cause of World War II was the anger the harsh Versailles Treaty created. Germany was angry with the $33 There are many causes and effects of World War II.