Abstract Affect and cognition have long been treated as independent entities, but in the current review we suggest that affect and cognition are in fact highly interdependent. We open the article by discussing three classic views for the independence of affect. These are i the affective independence hypothesis, that emotion is processed independently from cognition, ii the affective primacy hypothesis, that evaluative processing precedes semantic processing, and iii the affective automaticity hypothesis, that affectively potent stimuli commandeer attention and evaluation is automatic. We argue that affect is not independent from cognition, that affect is not primary to cognition, nor is affect automatically elicited.
The basic questions are: In what order do these occur? Do we think a certain way because of the emotions we feel, or do we feel emotions because of how we think?
In terms of physiology, do we feel emotions because of the perception of our body reactions, e. Each of the following psychological theorists has their own answers to these questions. Cannon was an American Physiologist who coined the phrase "fight or flight" and the word homeostasis.
Homeostasis is the tendency of a system to remain in a stable state. If there is a change in the system, the system will somehow compensate to regain that homeostasis.
They believed emotions come first and physical reactions come second. For example, a person sees a bear and is afraid. Then the person has the physiological changes of rapid heartbeat and breathing, sweating, and adrenaline that prepares a person for "fight or flight. This theory states that an individual has a physiological response to a stimulus first, and then experiences an emotion based on his or her perception of the physiological response.
Therefore, using the same example as the above paragraph, a person sees a bear and starts trembling, breathing faster, and sweating. The person interprets these physical symptoms as resulting from the emotion "fear," so he or she consequently feels afraid.
James and Lange stated that the perception was an important piece of this puzzle. Not everyone has the same emotions for a given stimulus even if they experience the same physical responses, e. They are neither true nor false.
Emotions define experiences and experiences define emotions. Philosophy always gives me a headache. So in respect to the bear scenario, Sousa would say "I am scared of the bear so it must be dangerous," or "The bear is dangerous so I must be scared.
This is based on the interpretation the person has to their physiology. I'm sweating- therefore I am scared.
Prinz, however, proposed that it is not just a simple equation of physiology and perception, but the appraisal the individual has based on the context of the event. Prinz used the following example: This woman's emotional response will be influenced by her perception of the event.
If she thinks the man is stalking her, she will be scared. If she thinks the man is joking or mocking her, she will be angry.
If the woman thinks the invitation is genuine and she likes him, she could be elated. Therefore, Prinz believes that theories of emotion should not overlook the influence of thoughts and perceptions.
LeDoux Joseph LeDoux is a neuroscientist who believes there is an emotional brain that is separate from the conscious feeling of emotions. For example, he states the automatic physiological responses to danger are hard-wired in the brain and conscious feelings are irrelevant to these physical responses to threats.It exerts strong influence on the cognitive processes of attention and on the emotional processes of evaluation and, subsequently, in the attributes of the product.
(emotion)., 2) The facial expression indicated that the variable "enjoy" and "engagement" were significantly higher in the version with music. an object and the type of. Impact of cognition on emotion. Although this short review focuses on the impact of emotional content on cognitive functions, here we briefly discuss another important line of studies that has investigated cognitive-emotional interactions, namely, cognitive emotion regulation (Ochsner and Gross, ; Ochsner and Gross, ).
COGNITION AND EMOTION 1 1 18 Cognition and Emotion INTRODUCTION Much of cognitive psychology is still inﬂuenced to some extent by the computer analogy or meta- the emotion process, initiating the physiological, expressive, behavioural and other changes that. We have argued against conceptualising emotion as a separate force in opposition to cognition in favour of viewing cognition and emotion as inherently integrated.
We included examples of recent research in our own lab showing affective moderation of basic cognitive processes. His theory, The Component Process Model (CPM), consists of 5 sub-systems of an emotion. These subsystems are cognitive appraisal, physiological arousal, motoric system (including facial expression), subjective feeling, and motivational system.
emotion with respect to its functional value that is the role it has for the subjective motivational system. Secondly, the significance that these results on alpha band have for the specific domain of.