The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were often requested and encouraged by papal policy, was to recover the city of Jerusalem as well as other eastern locations of religious pilgrimage all located in an area referred to as the Holy Land by Christians from the control of the Muslims. During the mid-eleventh century, Muslim Turks conquered Syria and Palestine, causing concern among Western Christians. The year marks the beginning of the Crusades.
This, thus embark us on a journey back into the First Crusade.
In this paper I will be discussing the events that lead up to the first in a long line of crusades. I will also be mentioning the lives of some of the crusaders through letters that they wrote. The crusades were a time of confusion for most people, yet today we look back at them as a turning point.
The Crusades were Christian military expeditions undertaken between the 11th and the 14th century to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims. The word crusade, which is derived from the Latin crux "cross"is a reference to the biblical injunction that Christians carry their cross.
Crusaders wore a red cloth cross sewn on their tunics to indicate that they had assumed the cross and were soldiers of Christ. The causes of the Crusades were many and complex, but prevailing religious beliefs were clearly of major importance. The Crusaders continued an older tradition of the pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which was often imposed as a penance.
Now, however, they assumed a two roles as pilgrims and warriors. Such an armed pilgrimage was regarded as a justifiable war, because it was fought to recapture the places sacred to that of the Christians.
Jerusalem had been under Muslim rule since the 7th century, but pilgrimages were not cut off until the 11th century, when the Seljuk Turks began to interfere with Christian pilgrims.
For Christians, the very name of Jerusalem evoked visions of the end of time and of the heavenly city. To help rescue the Holy Land fulfilled the ideal of the Christian knight.
Papal encouragement, the hope of eternal merit, and the offer of indulgences motivated thousands to enroll in the cause. Political considerations were also important. The Crusades were a response to appeals for help from the Byzantine Empire, threatened by the advance of the Seljuk Turks.
The year had seen both the captures of Jerusalem and the decisive defeat of the Byzantine army at Miniskirt, creating fear of further Turkish victories. In addition, the hopes of the Papacy for the renunciation of East and West, the nobility's hunger for land at a time of crop failures, population pressure in the West, and an alternative to warfare at home were major impulses.
The Crusades were equally a result of economic circumstances. Many participants were lured by the fabulous riches of the East; a campaign abroad appealed as a mean of escaping from the pressures of feudal society, in which the younger sons in a family often lacked economic opportunities.
On a larger scale, the major European powers and the rising Italian cities Genoa, Pisa, and Venice saw the Crusades as a mean of establishing and extending trade routes.Analysis of the Crusades On a November day in the year , in one of the most famous of medieval scenes, Pope Urban II addressed an enormous throng at the French town of Clermont.
He spoke, in emotional language, of the Holy Land and the Holy Places, groaning under the rule of the Muslim infidel, and of the outrages perpetrated against Christian pilgrims. The Crusades were military excursions made by Western European Christians during the late eleventh century through the late thirteenth century.
The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were. Overview and Analysis of the Crusades The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians.
The crusades started around The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain . Overview and Analysis of the Crusades The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians.
The crusades started around The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims. Analysis of the First Crusade, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
The Crusades: Overview and Analysis The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western European Christians. The crusades started around